his voice--of grace. The Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul's companion ( Luke 12:24 Luke 12:27 ). corpses--literally, "limbs," implying that their bodies fell limb from limb. 3:13; and it commands the entire Christian community, whether in the family, the … MIRACLES & WONDERS IN BIBLE. It was desirable to avoid designating Him here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, though he is "the Angel of the Covenant." Take heed--to be joined with "wherefore," Hebrews 3:7 . 1 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. 4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous. A summary of Hebrews, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Compare Hebrews 3:10 , "They do always err in their heart." your fathers--The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [BENGEL]. appointed him--"made Him" HIGH PRIEST; to be supplied from the preceding context. EBRARD in ALFORD remarks, The angel of the covenant came in the name of God before Israel; Moses in the name of Israel before God; whereas the high priest came both in the name of God (bearing the name JEHOVAH on his forehead) before Israel, and in the name of Israel (bearing the names of the twelve tribes on his breast) before God ( Exodus 28:9-29 Exodus 28:36 Exodus 28:38 ). Though the title "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate here in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of the delegates sent by the high priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews resident in foreign countries, even as Christ was Delegate of the Father to this world far off from Him ( Matthew 21:37 ). What God proclaims we confess. Chapter 3: 1: Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; 2: Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. The "forty years" joined in the Hebrew and Septuagint, and below, Hebrews 3:17 , with "I was grieved," is here joined with "they saw." Compare "walk contrary," Leviticus 26:24 Leviticus 26:28 . heb 3:0. God punishes such apostates in kind. The covenant that He made with them listed the conditions for keeping that role. So Jesus, "the Apostle of our profession," is delegated to intercede for the Church before the Father. For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve. … confidence . Seeing that we are the house of God if we hold fast our confidence . H ere is a Bible study on Hebrews chapter six with a summary and discussion questions to follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3. Exhortation from Psalms 95:7-11 , not through unbelief to lose participation in the spiritual house. ( Exodus 17:1 Exodus 17:2 ). 16. In the book of Hebrews we have been seeing the author’s intent to encourage Jews who have come to Christ to continue to grow in their Christian faith, and not just be content … The likeness of Moses to Messiah was foretold by Moses himself ( Deuteronomy 18:15 ). That rest will be deeply detailed in the next chapter. This chapter also serves as a warning against hardness of heart and being lured away by sin and unbelief. 3: The second of these rules is in Heb. 2. 8. "Some," and "not all," would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. He built God’s house just as he was commanded to do. Harden not your hearts--This phrase here only is used of man's own act; usually of God's act ( Romans 9:18 ). Hebrews Chapter 5 Warning Against Apostasy. 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. He alone holds both offices combined, and in a more eminent degree than either, which those two brothers held apart. Hebrews 3:1-19 . 1 Let brotherly love continue. not known my ways--not known practically and believingly the ways in which I would have had them go, so as to reach My rest ( Exodus 18:20 ). "THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS" Chapter Three Having demonstrated Jesus' superiority to prophets and angels, the author now compares Jesus to Moses (1-6). . In this case, the sacrifice wasn't a ram or a goat—it was himself. To-day--at length; in David's day, as contrasted with the days of Moses in the wilderness, and the whole time since then, during which they had been rebellious against God's voice; as for instance, in the wilderness ( Hebrews 3:8 ). lest there be--Greek (indicative), "lest there shall be"; lest there be, as I fear there is; implying that it is not merely a possible contingency, but that there is ground for thinking it will be so. 6. Verses 1-6: Jesus is both the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian faith. Hebrew Bible Summary. Chapter 3. howbeit--"Nay (why need I put the question? provocation . Warning #3: Failing to Mature. Since all our good things lie in hopes, we ought so to hold fast our hopes as already to rejoice, as though our hopes were realized [CHRYSOSTOM]. (1a) Therefore: who we are in light of the previous paragraphs. Proud member To-morrow is the day when idle men work, and fools repent. Numbers 20:1-13 and Deuteronomy 33:8 mention a second similar occasion in the wilderness of Sin, near Kadesh, also called Meribah. by Moses--by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader. Book of Hebrews Chapter by Chapter Summary. unto the end," in order to be "partakers of Christ.". While it is said--connected with Hebrews 3:13 , "exhort one another . Hebrews Chapter 3 Greater Than Moses. Your email address will not be published. . But the oldest manuscripts read, "this." The People's New Testament, B.W. Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. A Christian so long as he is not made perfect, considers himself as a beginner [BENGEL]. hear--obediently. hold--Greek, "hold fast." builded the house--Greek, "inasmuch as He hath more honor than the house, who prepared it," or "established it" [ALFORD]. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator [BENGEL]. Hebrews 3:5-6. . . The word is always used in the plural, and we should note that we never hear of “Saint So-and-So.” 1 All God’s true people are called … of the hope--"of our hope." lest . Considering Jesus. ( Hebrews 3:6 ). "It entirely depends on yourselves that the invitation of the ninety-fifth Psalm be not a mere invitation, but also an actual enjoyment." Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Hebrews Chapter 3 – Handout. Jesus became like a Jewish high priest who made a sacrifice for all the people. . 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. The author has spoken, Hebrews 3:2, of the house of God, and yet, Hebrews 3:3, has ascribed the founding and preparing of the same to Christ. "That from among you no one (so the Greek order is in some of the oldest manuscripts) be hardened" ( Hebrews 3:8 ). An ambassador in the absence of the king is very distinguished--in the presence of the king he falls back into the multitude [BENGEL]. The words "of our profession," mark that it is not of the legal ritual, but of our Christian faith, that He is the High Priest. So "partakers of the Holy Ghost" ( Hebrews 6:4 ). temptation--"Massah-meribah," translated in Margin "tentation . The lesson intended to be hinted to the Hebrew Christians is, their "to-day" is to last only between the first preaching of the Gospel and Jerusalem's impending overthrow, namely, FORTY YEARS; exactly the number of years of Israel's sojourn in the wilderness, until the full measure of their guilt having been filled up all the rebels were overthrown. daily--Greek, "on each day," or "day by day." Hebrews 1 is about the supremacy of Christ Jesus. I say,"from among the Jews," not that He is not our Priest, but that here the sacred writer places himself among the believing Jews, saying "our;" and, instead of speaking of himself as and apostle, he points out Jesus as the Apostle; which He was in Person among the Jews. said--"grieved," or "displeased," at their first offense. while it is called To-day--while the "to-day" lasts (the day of grace, Luke 4:21 , before the coming of the day of glory and judgment at Christ's coming, Hebrews 10:25 Hebrews 10:37 ). Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, a. 1. 2 Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. as a son over his own house--rather, "over His (GOD'S, Hebrews 3:4 ) house"; and therefore, as the inference from His being one with God, over His own house. 1. . heavenly calling--coming to us from heaven, and leading us to heaven whence it comes. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. . Wherefore--Greek, "Whence," that is, seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper you ought to "consider attentively," "contemplate"; fix your eyes and mind on Him with a view to profiting by the contemplation ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Christ, The Way to God. . Paul compares Him as an Apostle to Moses; as High Priest to Aaron. 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God's house. 13. one another--Greek, "yourselves"; let each exhort himself and his neighbor. (Hebrews 6:1-3) The very first word of this chapter is “therefore.” To keep this passage in context, the preceding chapters must be reconsidered. Glory is the result of honor. counted worthy of more glory--by God, when He exalted Him to His own right hand. He departs from them--the worst of woes. 4. 7-11. It’s recorded in Exodus, chapters 19 through 23. The Superiority of Christ. They would not enter His rest: 11 times in Hebrews chapters 3 and 4, Hebrews speaks of entering rest. and they have not known--Greek, "But these very persons," &c. They perceived I was displeased with them, yet they, the same persons, did not a whit the more wish to know my ways [BENGEL]; compare "but they," Psalms 106:43 . . These titles do not involve His divine essence; they speak in regard to His superior ministry. Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. brethren--in Christ, the common bond of union. Someone must be the establisher of every house; Moses was not the establisher of the house, but a portion of it (but He who established all things, and therefore the spiritual house in question, is God). Hence as what applies to Him, applies also to His people, the Twelve are designated His apostles, even as He is the Father's ( John 20:21 ). One old manuscript, with Vulgate and LUCIFER, reads, "which house"; but the weightiest manuscripts support English Version reading. He first notes the feature of resemblance between Moses and Christ, in order to conciliate the Hebrew Christians whom He addressed, and who still entertained a very high opinion of Moses; he afterwards brings forward Christ's superiority to Moses. Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters,(A)who share in the heavenly calling,(B)fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge(C)as our apostle and high priest. was--Greek, "has been." Commentary on Hebrews 3:14-19. departing--apostatizing. A Better Covenant. In those chapters we read some of the many Old Testament prophecies that declare Jesus is the Son of God and that He is greater than Moses and the prophets. for a testimony of, &c.--in order that he might in his typical institutions give "testimony" to Israel "of the things" of the Gospel "which were to be spoken afterwards" by Christ ( Hebrews 8:5 , Hebrews 9:8 Hebrews 9:23 , 10:1 ). The first offense especially ought to be guarded against, and is the most severely reproved, as it is apt to produce many more. Compare Note, "with the majority of them God was displeased." It shows His superiority to Moses and the covenant of the law. Lessons Drawn from Israel Under Moses. SUMMARY.--Our Apostle and High Priest. Hebrews Chapter 3. Philippians 3:14 , "the high calling"; Greek "the calling above," that is, heavenly. The Psalm, each fresh time when used in public worship, by "to-day," will mean the particular day when it was, or is, used. 14. Both names seem to refer to that one event, the murmuring of the people against the Lord at Rephidim for want of water. But--Translate, "Moreover," as it is not in contrast to Hebrews 3:16 , but carrying out the same thought. . Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, … The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. So Moses in God's house ( Numbers 12:7 ). . (D)2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. To apostatize from Christ is to apostatize from the living God ( Hebrews 2:3 ). Priesthood of Melchisedec. But … As Moses especially was the prophet by whom "God in times past spake to the fathers," being the mediator of the law, Paul deems it necessary now to show that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. Hebrews Chapter 4 (and the rest of Chapter 3) The Promise of Rest. chiding," or "strife" ( Exodus 17:1-7 ). Subsequently when they hardened their heart in unbelief still more, He sware in His wrath ( Hebrews 3:11 ); an ascending gradation (compare Hebrews 3:17 Hebrews 3:18 ). unto the end--unto the coming of Christ ( Hebrews 12:2 ). The Greek is the same, Mark 8:12 . the beginning of our confidence--that is, the confidence (literally, substantial, solid confidence) of faith which we have begun ( Hebrews 6:11 , 12:2 ). Your password to Aaron Above the house ; Christ the Son of God if we hold fast our.. Believed not -- rather, `` for we are the house both names to... 3:6 ) Christ is faithful ; therefore, saith Paul to the one who Him! 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