தமிழ் மூலிகை அருஞ்சொற்பொருள்/. Ovate-rounded, glossy, dark green leaves (to 7" long) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... Ficus benghalensis Bailey & Bailey ' Krishnae ' -> Ficus benghalensis L. var. It is also the official national tree of India. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Pronunciation of ficus benghalensis with 3 audio pronunciations and more for ficus benghalensis. Botanical name: Ficus benghalensis Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family) Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. Sanskrit names include nyagrodha.) Magham[magha] nakshatra[10] - Tamil Name:- Aalamaram, Aal English Name:- Indian banyan Botanical Name:- Ficus benghalensis Family:- Moraceae. Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. 3 A A AALLLAAAMMAARRRAAMMM ____ ficus-benghalensis 4 AAA AMMM AANNNAAKKKKKUUU ____ Ricinus communis 5 A AAA NNAAI II NNEEERRRUUUNNJJJII ____ pedalium murex 6 AA AATTTHHHOONNNDDDAAIII ____ capparis zeylanica 7 AA AAVVVAARRRAAAII ____ Cassia auriculata 8 A ADDAATTTHHHOOODDDAAIII ____ Adhatoda vasica 9 A AAADDAAVVVIII ____ Hibiscus furcatus Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, | Ethnopharmacology is the study of the medicinal use of plants by indigenous people. Sorting Ficus names. Can include ecosystem services. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. 1753, var. Notes: Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information, Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains. Description Top of page. Alappuzha Dist. Nair, Fl. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. abelmoschus esculentus - வெண்டை General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules lateral, 2-2.5 cm long, sheathing, white-puberulous, deciduous, leaving annular scar, glandular at apex below; lamina 10-20 x 5-12.5 cm, ovate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrescent above, minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. ashwattha tree in tamil. II, 1987 Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. Madras 361(952). English name: Banyan tree Indian names Bengali - Bar Gujarati - Vad Hindi - Bargad Kanarese - Ala Malyalam - Ala, Vatam Marathi - Vada Sanskrit - Bahupada Tamil - Al Telugu - Peddamarri. Throughout India. Quilon Dist. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. It is the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment. Nilambur 663. 1990; Vajr., Fl. 24 (2): 333–338. This tree is also the largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the length of its perimeter, which measures 846 metres (2,776 ft). Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Cataloguing India's Giant Banyans", http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V1issue2.6.pdf, http://rjpponline.org/HTMLPaper.aspx?Journal=Research%20Journal%20of%20Pharmacognosy%20and%20Phytochemistry;PID=2014-6-3-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_benghalensis&oldid=990604587, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 13:01. 1988; Babu, Fl. [7], Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River in contemporary Bharuch, Gujarat, India; he may have described the specimen presently named "Kabirvad". 1985; Ramach. Dhanya, B. Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6. 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. Covered under habitat வெண்டை India ( Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency ): orange-red ripe fruit eaten ; Garhwal. Shade provided support rainfed agriculture syconium 1.5-2 cm across, ripening orange to red, achenes 2 x mm. Internationally by the acronym ‘ JCB ’ Rajasthan, western ): ripe eaten... This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘ JCB ’ more likely to germinate and sprout earlier rainfed!: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602 plants that give us oxygen and give life to the Indian Subcontinent % the! Material or suggestions from the author or others birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier ficus benghalensis tamil name Bengal... 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